Small Mammal Medicine: Mouse:
Basic Information for Mice
House Mouse—Mus musculus
|Natural history||The most common pet mouse is the standard white laboratory mouse, although pet mice are not as inbred as some strains of lab mice.|
Mice belong to the same taxonomic family as hamsters and gerbils.
|Breeds||The standard white lab mouse is most commonly seen, but different
colors and varieties are entering the pet trade such as satin or spotted.
|Diet||The bulk of the diet should consist of a rodent block or pellet that
contains a minimum crude protein content of 16% and 4-5% fat.
Seed-based diets promote obesity and should be avoided.
|Husbandry||Mice are nocturnal and crepuscular. Females or mixed pairs do well together, but male mice tend to fight.
Provide the largest cage possible made of stainless steel, durable plastic, or wire. Provide ample nesting material and deep bedding such as aspen shavings or recycled paper product.Provide enrichment in the form of tunnels, exercise wheels, nest boxes, and items to chew on old paper towel rolls or toilet paper tubes.
|Normal physiologic values||
|Anatomy / physiology||Dental formula: Incisor 1/1 Canine 0/0 Premolar 0/0 Molar 3/3The incisors are open-rooted and continuously growing.The stomach consists of a non-glandular forestomach and a glandular
|Restraint||Although mice rarely bite normally, they may bite when handled.
Mice are also quick to jump. Manually restrain mice by scruffing the neck.
|Venipuncture||The lateral tail vein may be used to collect small volumes of blood.|
|Preventive medicine||Annual physical examination|
|Important medical conditions||Mammary adenocarcinoma
|References and further reading||
Banks RE, Sharp JM, Doss SD, Vanderford DA. Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry. Durham, NC: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
Dyer SM, Cervasio EL. An overview of restraint and blood collection techniques in exotic pet practice. Vet Clin Exot Anim 11:423-443, 2008.
Mitchell MA, Tully TN. Manual of Exotic Pet Practice. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier; 2009.
Quesenberry KE, Carpenter JW (eds). Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 2004.
Author: Christal Pollock, DVM, Dipl. ABVP-Avian; Lafeber Company veterinary consultant
Date: February 14, 2010